FRP- (Fiber Reinforced Polymer)

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Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) (also fibre-reinforced polymer) is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres. The fibres are usually glass, carbon,aramid, or basalt. Rarely, other fibres such as paper or wood or asbestos have been used. The polymer is usually an epoxy, vinylester or polyesterthermosetting plastic, andphenol formaldehyde resins are still in use.

FRPs are commonly used in the aerospace, automotive, marine, construction industries and ballistic armor.


In the case of Basalt, sometimes BFRP or BRP is also used as an acronym.

Applications: 

Simple: In essence, anywhere glass, carbon or other fibers are used.

In some instances Basalt may exceed performances of existing products, in others, it may be an acceptable alternative at lower cost; the application engineer is challenged with a balance between performance, weight and cost of the final product.

In the USA, basalt is tried or already in use in almost all applications where glass or carbon or aramid is used, but in much smaller quantities and variations.

Few Examples: 

  • Boat
  • Automotive
  • Leisure (snowbords, kiteboards, ski, race boats...)
  • Concrete
  • Ballistic
  • much more

It also appears that European and Asian countries are further along in their development utilizing basalt for niche applications or as a new and "green" alternative.